Paul Glewwe

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Organizations & people

working to improve education systems
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Paul Glewwe is the Distinguished McKnight Professor at the University of Minnesota's Department of Applied Economics.[1]

How their work relates to education systems

Glewwe is one of the most widely published and cited economists working on the determinants of student learning, including household, social input, and pedagogical approach.[2]

Much of Glewwe's recent research focuses on Vietnam's education system. His research presents an overview of the factors behind Vietnam's exemplary performance on key education outcomes related to comparable lower-middle-income countries, from an institutional viewpoint and by analyzing several data sources, some of which have rarely been used.[3][4]

Glewwe has also been at the forefront of the “education production function” approach, which assesses the relationship between education inputs/resources and outputs/outcomes.[5]

Glewwe has also conducted numerous randomized controlled trials on behalf of J-PAL, which assess the impact of education interventions, such as textbook distribution, salary-related incentive programs for teachers, and educational flipcharts in Kenya, and primary school management reforms in Madagascar.[6]

Brief biography

Paul Glewwe is the Distinguished McKnight University Professor at the University of Minnesota. His research covers the economics of education, poverty and inequality in developing countries, and applied econometrics.[6]

Since receiving his Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University, Glewwe has worked in Cambodia, China, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Morocco, Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey and Vietnam.[6]

His recent publications have appeared in the Handbook of the Economics of Education, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Economic Literature, Journal of Human Resources, Journal of Political Economy and World Bank Economic Review.[6]

Before joining the University of Minnesota, Glewwe worked as a research economist at the World Bank from 1986 to 1999.[7]

Glewwe is a member of the RISE Intellectual Leadership Team and Principal Investigator for the RISE Vietnam team.[2] He also served on J-PAL’s Board as co-chair of the Education Sector from 2010-2014, and is currently a co-editor for Economic Development and Cultural Change.[6]

Key publications related to education systems

See also


  1. Paul Glewwe. University of Minnesota. Department of Applied Economics.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Paul Glewwe. Research on Improving Systems of Education.
  3. Dang, H., Glewwe, P., Lee, J., and Vu, K. 2020. What Explains Vietnam’s Exceptional Performance in Education Relative to Other Countries? Analysis of the 2012 and 2015 PISA Data. RISE Working Paper Series. 20/036.
  4. Glewwe, P. and Dang, H. 2017. Well Begun, but Aiming Higher: A Review of Vietnam’s Education Trends in the Past 20 Years and Emerging Challenges. RISE Working Paper Series. 17/017.
  5. Glewwe et al. 2020. "Education production functions: updated evidence from developing countries". The Economics of Education.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Paul Glewwe. J-PAL.
  7. Education Production Functions: Evidence from Developing Countries. Science Direct.